What are The Best Web Programming Languages?

A programming language provides a method to tell a computer what to do. Web development languages take this process a step further and provide instructions in a specific environment; a browser or other application designed to work with HTML. Web programming languages provide a method for the developer, designer, and other individuals to communicate content in a dynamic way.

Regardless of which path you choose to go down, you’ll still need to understand each side in order to do your job properly. So here are the 5 best programming languages for web development, both client and server-side.

JavaScript

JavaScript is the bread and butter of web programming languages

Among frontend web development languages, JavaScript has a thing or two to say. JavaScript is an ideal choice for designing interactive frontend applications. An example of JavaScript’s applied structure is when you click on a button and a pop-up window appears in front of you.

Nowadays, countless businesses, startups, in particular, employ web development languages such as NodeJS for their applications. NodeJS is a platform that has JavaScript as its base. This environment helps developers with server-side scripting. This means they run scripts server-side that fabricate dynamic web page content prior to the page being delivered to a user’s browser. Therefore, JavaScript conducts client-side and server-side scripts as a sole programming language. So learning JavaScript can be a wise decision to obtain amusing job opportunities at your favorite startups.

Level of Difficulty: Fairly simple and easy to learn

Job opportunity: Immensely required with many job opportunities

Pros:

  • Offers a more superb interface to websites
  • It’s the bread and butter of web programming languages
  • As it is client-sided, it requires fewer website servers
  • Client-side JavaScript has a surprisingly high speed due to the lack of compilation requirements. So JavaScript will run instantly in web browsers
  • It’s considered and multi-purposed and versatile web programming language

Cons:

  • It can only support single inheritance
  • It may encounter different interpretations by various browsers
  • JS’s code is executed on the users’ systems. This inclines users to disable it out of the fear of being exploited for malevolent purposes
  • There is no copy or procedures similar to it

Java

Java pros :
Employs the OOP paradigm
It can handle multithreading
It is rich with open-source libraries
It’s suitable for distributed computing

Whenever there is a list of web development languages, Java’s name appears on the list. Java has been the first choice of major organizations for ages. This language is widely employed to develop web applications on an enterprise scale. Java has the quality of stability which makes it popular with big companies. So if you’re aiming to find a web development job among the colossal enterprises, mastering Java can be a great choice.

As there are billions of Android phones out there today, there’s a high demand for Android app development among various businesses. Since Java is the primary language for developing Android apps, learning it opens up colossal job opportunities for you. Since Google has invented the Android Studio, which is a peerless Java-based Android development platform, Android developer’s have a paved path before them.

Level of Difficulty:  Moderately easy to learn and master it

Job opportunity: Massive with high demands

Pros:

  • It automatically accumulates garbage and allocates memory
  • It has high security because of a security manager that establishes the access of classes and lacks explicit pointer
  • Has an abundance of APIs that manage various tasks. Some of these tasks include networking, XML parsing, utilities, and database connection
  • Employs the OOP paradigm
  • It can handle multithreading
  • It is rich with open-source libraries
  • It’s suitable for distributed computing

Cons:

  • Its memory management is expensive
  • It has a lower speed compared to natively compiled programming languages such as C++ and C
  • It lacks templates which result in insufficient data structures with high quality

Go programming language

Go programming language :
The popularity of Go, also known as Golang, among web development languages is a well-known fact, and the fact that it was created by Google, more credibility comes along with it.

The popularity of Go, also known as Golang, among web development languages is a well-known fact, and the fact that it was created by Google, more credibility comes along with it. 

Enterprises that rely on distributed systems, employ this programming language in the masses as it outstandingly supports multithreading. Though Indian organizations are yet reluctant to adopt Go, it’s widely popular in Silicon Valley startups. So it goes without saying that mastering Golang is necessary if you want to work in Silicon Valley’s core system-based startups.

Level of Difficulty: Moderately comprehensive learning process

Job opportunity: Acceptable demand rate

Pros:

  • It has high security due to being a statically-typed language
  • It provides a complete standard library that contains a variety of inbuilt functions which can be used to work with primitive types
  • It has a sharp documentation system
  • It’s compiled to machine code which makes it exceptionally swift
  • Its cleaner Syntax cause to be simpler and easier to understand
  • It’s built and supported by Google
  • It’s a perfect choice to build SPAs (single-page applications)with

Cons:

  • Its interfaces are implicit
  • It doesn’t contain a GUI library
  • Its library support is somewhat deprived
  • Complex programs run less efficiently on it as Go lacks a virtual machine
  • It’s not flexible and versatile

C/C++

 web development languages :
C++ can be exceptionally stable and speedy, which makes it alluring for competitive programmers. Another advantage of C++ is that it offers STL (Standard Template Library).

When it comes to web development languages and programming altogether, C/C++ rests at the center of it all. Virtually every low-level system is written with C/C++. This means file systems, operating systems, and many more. So if you aspire to become a system-level program developer, mastering C/C++ is a necessity for you. 

C++ can be exceptionally stable and speedy, which makes it alluring for competitive programmers. Another advantage of C++ is that it offers STL (Standard Template Library). STL is basically an abundance of libraries that are accessible at any moment. These libraries can be used for arithmetic operations, algorithms, and data structures. The high speed and library structure of C/C++ has caused a wide variety of the High-frequency trading community to adopt this language.

Level of Difficulty: Somewhat straightforward learning process

Job opportunity: Average demands

Pros:

  • Simplifies the process of accessing blocked or hidden objects caused by other programming languages [C]
  • It can lay the foundation to comprehend more complex programming languages [C/C++]
  • It can provide a magnitude of probability [C]
  • The developed programs offer more efficient results and are easier to read [C/C++]
  • Its programs can launch faster compared to most programming languages [C/C++]
  • It’s ideal to develop multi-platform and multi-device applications [C++]
  • It offers numerous libraries and compilers to develop with [C++]
  • This language is procedure-oriented and provides tons of function modules and blocks. These features result in effortless testing, debugging, and sustaining of the programs. [C]
  • It has a complete set of functional libraries. [C++]

Cons:

  • It can’t support program namespace [C]
  • Its object-oriented system is not as efficient as other OOP-based programming languages [C++]
  • It doesn’t provide dynamic memory allocation and garbage cumulation [C/C++]
  • It doesn’t offer strict type checking [C]
  • It’s not fit to resolve contemporary and real-world problems of programming [C]
  • It needs manual assistance to build the high-level constructs [C]
  • It doesn’t contain run-time checking [C/C++]
  • Its syntax is complicated [C/C++]

Python

programming language :
Has a huge library support
It can operate almost any application regardless of how heavy and complex they are
It’s open-sourced and its community has been growing for years
Learning and working with it is effortless
With the help of OOP characteristics, it’s easy to build and use classes and objects

If someone claims that “Python is the best of web development languages” you can’t call them a liar! Many people choose Python as their first programming language to learn. Python has phenomenal speed and it’s easy to deploy and uncomplicated to administer. Python is widely popular when it comes to developing web applications. Some of the most popular web applications such as Instagram, SurveyMonkey, Pinterest, and YouTube have Python as their base programming language. The massive developer community that employs Python and its remarkable library support, are just more evidence that exclaims Python’s validity.

If you’re a beginner learning Python as your first programming language can be a great choice. If you want to make progress in your career, learning Python can boost you up as a developer. Python is the principal backend stack for most startups and new businesses. So being a Python developer, you’ll have an ocean of job opportunities in front of you. So not only is Python simple but also it’s crucial for fields such as AI, data science, and web development as well.

Level of Difficulty: Simple, easy, and the best choice for a beginner

Job opportunity: Highly demanded and vast opportunities

Pros:

  • Has a huge library support
  • It can operate almost any application regardless of how heavy and complex they are
  • It’s open-sourced and its community has been growing for years
  • Learning and working with it is effortless
  • With the help of OOP characteristics, it’s easy to build and use classes and objects
  • It concentrates on its codes being readable
  • It’s the perfect option to create prototypes with and try out ideas quicker
  • It can be supported on numerous systems and platforms

Cons:

  • Being slower as it’s an interpreted programming language
  • Not good  threading due to GIL (Global Interpreter Lock)
  • It’s not well suited for mobile app development
  • Has a relatively crude database access

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